The “Tucker Carlson” That Proves The Jan. 6 Insurrection Never Happened.


Sometimes, tucker carlsons are presented as “whataboutisms,” as in a statement like, “Donald Trump developed the COVID vaccine while Anthony Fauci lied.”

The statement is made to turn blame (for the million deaths) away from Trump’s denials and belated action, and present at worst an “Everyone made some mistakes” narrative.

Beware of tucker carlsons. They are meant solely to deceive, not as honest arguments.

Rodger Malcolm Mitchell
Monetary Sovereignty

Twitter: @rodgermitchell Search #monetarysovereignty
Facebook: Rodger Malcolm Mitchell


The Sole Purpose of Government Is to Improve and Protect the Lives of the People.


Dollars exist, but in what form; who created them, and how?

Dollars exist, but in what form; who created them, and how?

The uninformed may respond that dollars are pieces of green paper printed by the U.S. Treasury.

That answer would be incorrect on every level.

Those green pieces of paper are not dollars. Rather they are bearer titles to dollars. They are official recognition that the bearer owns a dollar.

Why is the US currency called dollar? what is its origin and meaning? - AS USA
These are not dollars. They are bearer titles to dollars

A house title is not a house. It is official recognition that the named person owns a particular house.

A car title is not a car, It is official recognition that the named person holds a certain car.

Dollars exist only as bookkeeping notations. They have no physical form.

You cannot see, feel, hear, touch, smell, or taste dollars.

The Treasury does not literally print dollars. It just prints titles to dollars, which exist as numbers in bank accounts.

All dollars are created from thin air by marking up accounts. Banks do it every minute of every day.

Consider the following scenario:

1. You go to a store, make a $10 purchase, and pay with your credit card.

Because you have a contract with the credit card company, you essentially have signed a loan document (the credit card receipt) saying you owe the credit card company $10.

That loan document, and all dollar-denominated loan documents, are titles to dollars.

Mark Wagner | IOU | Artsy
A dollar bill is a bearer check signed by the Secretary of the Treasury.

So, your use of a credit card makes dollars.

(The green dollar bill in your wallet is a loan document. It signifies debt. It is a federal reserve note. “Bill” and “note” are words denoting debts.)

2. The credit card company sends instructions (not dollars) to the store’s bank, telling it to increase the balance in its checking account.

When the bank obeys those instructions, new dollars are created. These instructions are in the form of a check or wire transfer.

Simultaneously, the balance in the credit card company’s checking account is reduced, which destroys dollars.

At this stage, your purchase has caused the creation of ten dollars, a few cents of which go to various governments’ banks for sales taxes.

This bearer check is identical to a dollar bill, with one exception. The full faith and credit of the U.S. government backs a dollar bill. The full faith and credit of the writer backs the check. 

3. Instructions among the several banks pass through the Federal Reserve, while the credit card company sends you a ten-dollar invoice.

To pay the invoice, you instruct your bank to send instructions to the credit card company’s bank, telling it to increase the balance in the credit card company’s checking account.

Those instructions are cleared through the Federal Reserve, and when your bank receives them, it reduces the balance in your checking account and destroys dollars.

Your one-time use of your credit card creates and destroys dollars.

At no time are physical dollars exchanged for there are no physical dollars.

All dollars are nothing more than numbers on financial institutions’ books.

Not being physical, dollars cannot be “sent.” Instead, instructions in the form of checks or wires are sent to banks.

The banks are instructed to create and destroy dollars by changing the numbers in bank accounts.

What if that $10 purchase were made in cash rather than by credit card? Cash, i.e., dollar bills, are bearer titles to dollars. “Bearer” title means whoever has the title in their possession owns the dollars, which are numbers on the Treasury’s books.

All money represents a debt of the issuer, which among other things, owes the user full faith and credit.

You accept dollar bills in exchange for goods and services because you trust the full faith and credit of the federal government.

In, “Understanding Federal Debt. Full Faith and Credit,” you will see this explanation:

All debt requires collateral. The collateral for federal debt is “full faith and credit.”

This may sound nebulous to some, but it involves certain, specific, and valuable guarantees, among which are:

A. –The government will accept only U.S. currency to pay debts to the government.

B. –It unfailingly will pay all its dollar debts with U.S. dollars and will not default.

C. –It will force all your domestic creditors to accept U.S. dollars to satisfy your debt if you offer them.

D. –It will not require domestic creditors to accept any other money.

E. –It will take action to protect the value of the dollar.

F. –It will maintain a market for U.S. currency.

G. –It will continue to use U.S. currency and will not change to another currency.

H. –All forms of U.S. currency will be reciprocal; that is, five $1 bills always will equal one $5 bill and vice versa.

There is no law prohibiting the issuance of other forms of currency. For example, I have every right to issue “Mitchellbucks” to pay my debt to you.

I never can run short of Mitchellbucks. I can create infinite numbers merely by writing a check specifying Mitchellbucks.

However, you have no obligation to accept them. Presumably, you only would accept Mitchellbucks if you were satisfied with the full faith and credit that backs them.

By contrast, Americans must accept U.S. dollars in payment of debts. It’s the law, which is determined by the federal government.

Various forms of currency exist in America.

Trillions of coupons are distributed by manufacturers and retailers, and are used and accepted by consumers and businesses for certain, limited purposes.

A story: I worked with the man who owned PAM, a cooking spray.

His name was Arthur Meyerhoff (Little-known fact; PAM stands for Product of Arthur Meyerhoff.)

Early in the life of the product, he ran a $1 coupon in the Readers Digest Magazine, which then had a massive circulation. Unfortunately, more coupons were presented for redemption than cans of PAM sold.

Meyerhoff was on the hook for millions.

Had he not paid up, his full faith and credit would have been worthless. But he paid. Stores and consumers continued to trust his company and his full faith and credit.

Poker chips are titles, backed by the full faith and credit of casinos. Lottery tickets are backed by the full faith and credit of the various states.

Your personal check is backed by your full faith and credit, augmented by laws against bouncing checks.

A money issuers’ ability to create currency is unlimited but the acceptance of that currency relies on the issuer’s full faith and credit.

Because the federal government is Monetarily Sovereign, i.e sovereign over the U.S. dollar, it’s ability to issue dollars is limited only by their acceptance, which in turn, is limited by federal full faith and credit.

In reality, the federal government’s ability to create dollars is unlimited.

Thus, those who are concerned about the size of the federal government’s debt, (i.e. the number of dollars in existence), must explain the limit to the U.S. federal government’s full faith and credit.

If anything, the full faith and credit of the ,U.S. government is more powerful worldwide than ever. 

Despite (perhaps because of) massive increases in deposits into T-security accounts there is no hint of the federal government’s inability to create dollars and have them accepted.


Dollars have no physical existence. They are numbers in bank accounts.

The federal government is Monetarily Sovereign. As the issuer of dollars, it is sovereign over U.S. dollars in whatever banks they exist.

The government creates dollars by changing numbers in bank accounts. There is no limit to the number of dollars the government can create, because it also the creates the laws that govern dollar creation.

Thus the federal government cannot unintentionally run short of dollars.

Federal taxes do not fund federal spending. Even if the Monetarily Sovereign federal government collected $0 taxes, it could continue spending forever. (By contrast, state/local taxes do fund monetarily non-sovereign state/local government spending.)

Similarly, the federal government never borrows dollars. Why would it, given its unlimited ability to create dollars. What erroneously is termed “borrowing,” is the acceptance of deposits into T-security accounts. The purpose is to provide a safe storage place for unused dollars and to help the Federal Reserve control interest rates.

These accounts do not provide the federal government with spending dollars. The government creates new dollars every time it pays a creditor.

Being dollar users, not issuers, state/local governments can and often do run short of dollars.

You create dollars every time you make a credit card purchase or write a check. You destroy dollars every time you pay off a debt.

Because you are monetarily non-sovereign, your dollar creation is limited by your full faith and credit.    


Rodger Malcolm Mitchell
Monetary Sovereignty

Twitter: @rodgermitchell Search #monetarysovereignty
Facebook: Rodger Malcolm Mitchell


The Sole Purpose of Government Is to Improve and Protect the Lives of the People.


A misleading graph: Federal income vs. federal spending

Self-evaluation corresponds with intelligence. If you are smart, being smart lets you understand that you are smart. If you are stupid, being stupid keeps you from knowing you are stupid. Thus, everyone thinks they are smart.
In related issues, everyone thinks they are above-average drivers and that the federal government can run short of dollars.


A rose by any other name may smell as sweet, but what if they called it “stinkwort”? Labels do matter. Visualize this scenario:

Man row a row boat at sea — Stock Video © lucidwaters #82323100
The boater must take more water from the ocean than he receives from the ocean. That is, the ocean must run a water deficit for the boater to survive, just as the federal government must run a dollar deficit for the economy to survive.

A man sits in a rowboat in the Pacific Ocean.

Using his desalinization kit he fills his canteen with one pint of water, which he later drinks and excretes as urine,

But, because of perspiration evaporation and breathing, he excretes only 9/10th pint of urine.

So, for boater the Pacific Ocean runs a deficit of 1/10th pint of water.

Does anyone care?

No, the Pacific Ocean running a 1/10th pint of water deficit is meaningless, because for all intents, the ocean has infinite water.

Infinite water minus 1/10th pint still equals infinite. No change.

Now imagine the same scenario, except instead of viewing it from the ocean’s standpoint, view it from the boater’s standpoint. 

The man has drunk a pint of water, 9/10th of which he has excreted as urine into the ocean, and used the rest for perspiration, and other bodily functions.

That pint of water has allowed him to live for a certain time. Without the pint of water, he would have died.

That’s important.

In both scenarios we gave you the same information, but in one case we labeled it as a water measure from the standpoint of the ocean, and in the other case we labeled it as a water measure from the standpoint of the boater.

The following graph comes from It labels money flow from the standpoint of the U.S. government:

This graph shows the nation’s money flow from the standpoint of the U.S. government, not from the standpoint of the economy.

Here are excerpts from the accompanying article:

State of the union’s wallet
Last night, President Biden held the annual State of the Union. A big theme was the economy. He threatened to veto any proposal that would cut spending on Social Security and Medicare while also imploring Congress to raise the debt ceiling.

I O U $1.4 trillion: In fiscal year 2022, the federal government collected nearly $5tn in revenue, with more than 50% of that coming from individual income taxes.

However, the US government spent even more, leading to a nearly $1.4tn deficit

To make up for the difference the US government does what everyone who overspends their budget does — they borrow.

This then adds to its already enormous tab (AKA the national debt), which currently sits at the $31.4tn debt ceiling limit.

With a debt pile that big, the interest payments aren’t small. Indeed, last year the US government spent ~$480bn on net interest payments, just shy of IrelandNorway or Nigeria’s annual GDP.

There are three major problems with the above scenario.

  1. It draws a false parallel between the finances of our Monetarily Sovereign government and the finances of monetarily non-sovereign “everyone.” The former has infinite money and the latter does not.
  2. It falsely states that the federal government must borrow in order to “make up the difference.” The federal government, having the infinite ability to create its sovereign currency, never borrows dollars, and never needs to “make up the difference.” To pay all its obligations, the federal government creates new dollars, ad hoc. It destroys all the tax dollars it receives.
  3. It labels the money movement from the standpoint of the federal government rather than from the standpoint of the economy.

Think of the Pacific Ocean as analogous to the U.S. federal government, and the boater as analogous to the economy.

Like the Pacific Ocean’s water, the federal government has infinite dollars. And like the boater’s limited water supply, the economy has limited dollars.

Alan Greenspan: “A government cannot become insolvent with respect to obligations in its own currency. There is nothing to prevent the federal government from creating as much money as it wants and paying it to somebody. The United States can pay any debt it has because we can always print the money to do that.”

Ben Bernanke: “The U.S. government has a technology, called a printing press (or, today, its electronic equivalent), that allows it to produce as many U.S. dollars as it wishes at essentially no cost.”

Quote from from 60 Minutes:
Scott Pelley: Is that tax money that the Fed is spending?
Ben Bernanke: It’s not tax money… We simply use the computer to mark up the size of the account.

Statement from the St. Louis Fed: “As the sole manufacturer of dollars, whose debt is denominated in dollars, the U.S. government can never become insolvent, i.e., unable to pay its bills. In this sense, the government is not dependent on credit markets to remain operational.”

(The final sentence, above, is Fed-speak for, “The government does not borrow to pay its bills.”)

The U.S. government is not the only Monetarily Sovereign government. The European Central Bank also is Monetarily Sovereign (and like the U.S. economy, individual euro nations are monetarily non-sovereign.)

Press Conference: Mario Draghi, President of the ECB, 9 January 2014
Question: I am wondering: can the ECB ever run out of money?
Mario Draghi: Technically, no. We cannot run out of money.

To survive, the boater needs the Pacific Ocean to run a water deficit. Similarly, to survive, the economy needs the federal government to run a dollar deficit.

The Pacific Ocean does not need to receive any water from the boater nor does the Ocean “owe” the boater any water. Similarly, the economy should not be asked to give the federal government any money, nor does the government “owe” the economy any money.

Finally, the Pacific Ocean does not borrow water to give water to the boater.

Think of the Pacific Ocean and the boater the next time you hear about federal debt limits and taxes.

Labels matter.

Rodger Malcolm Mitchell
Monetary Sovereignty

Twitter: @rodgermitchell Search #monetarysovereignty
Facebook: Rodger Malcolm Mitchell


The Sole Purpose of Government Is to Improve and Protect the Lives of the People.