The end of private banking

Private banking is a huge pain in the private sector’s butt. When will we see the end of private banking?

Terry Savage’s website says: “(She) is a nationally recognized expert on personal finance, the economy, and the markets. She writes a weekly personal finance column syndicated in major newspapers by Tribune Content Agency.”

Here are excerpts from an article she published on March 19, 2023

Banking on Belief
Last Monday as the failure of Silicon Valley Bank was just becoming apparent, I posted the following analysis on my website. I wouldn’t change a word.

Yet, even as the fears of fragility in the global banking system have accelerated, governments will do as they must to restore confidence –– no matter what it takes.

And it’s a good bet they’ll succeed, despite the gloomy prognostications of global financial collapse.

As I write, the news is breaking that the Swiss government has engineered the takeover of one of its largest banks, Credit Suisse, by another giant Swiss bank –UBS.

To facilitate the deal, the Swiss central bank offered UBS around $100 BILLION in liquidity to help it take on the operations of Credit Suisse, as well as $9 billion in guarantees against losses.

Although Credit Suisse had been at the heart of several major financial scandals in recent years — including bribery, money laundering, tax evasion, and corporate espionage — it had survived until this week’s global focus on the vulnerabilities of some major banks.

A lifeline of $54 billion from the Swiss National Bank was unable to stem the flood of deposit outflows late last week.

And so the marriage with UBS was arranged and announced today, with the Swiss central bank holding a shotgun full of liquidity bullets to make the match work.

In 2008, after seeing the consequences of letting Lehman fail, larger banks agreed to take on weakened competitors.

But then the government penalized the bank saviors for the problems they inherited. Understandably, strong banks are not getting in line to help this time around.

So, the Fed had to step in to resolve the problem of bank-held government bonds losing market value (see explanation below).

It offered to lend money to the banks at full face value of their U.S. Treasury securities, even though rising rates had made them worth less than face value in the current marketplace.

And the Treasury department and FDIC had to create a guarantee of ALL uninsured deposits (those over $250,000) at Silicon Valley Bank and Signature Bank — as they suddenly became “systemically important.”

It was done with the fictional explanation that the cost would be borne by a fee paid by all other banks, not taxpayer dollars.

But would they guarantee ALL deposits at ALL banks? There was no firm answer to that question.

There will be an answer soon. It’s the only way to create the required confidence in the banking system.

Your insured deposits under $250,000 are safe in your local bank. 

But why make things complicated? If you have multiple accounts, (or simply aren’t sleeping well at night), buy U. S Treasuries. 

See the craziness? Private banks repeatedly get into trouble. The government repeatedly steps in to solve the problem.

Who will GOP lawmakers stand with, the people or crooked bankers? | The Hill
Wells Fargo was fined for creating 1.5 million fake deposit accounts and more than 500,000 fake credit cards, all in customers’ names and without their permission. Extreme sales pressure has caused similar issues at other large banks.

The purpose and goal of private banks is not to provide banking services.

The purpose and goal of private banks is to provide profits to the bankers.

So private banks continually look for ways, not to provide more service but to make more profit.

The more aggressive ones enter dangerous financial territory.

In response, the federal government passes laws and rules that the banks are supposed to follow.

Still, some greedy bankers get into trouble, and the federal government is forced to provide funds that safeguard innocent depositors.

Currently, the federal government insures $250,000 worth of any one depositor’s funds, but that seems not to be enough to make banks safe. Now, there is a clamor to increase the amount and in fact, to make it limitless.

Meanwhile, the government must take over the sick bank, or bribe some other bank to take it over, or lend it money to keep it going. And it happens again, and again, and again.

And we never learn one lesson:

There is no public purpose served by privately-owned, for-profit banks.

The government makes all the rules. The government inspects and supervises the banks to see that they are following the rules. The government insures depositors for when the banks don’t follow the rules. The government provides funds to bail them out when they fail.

The federal government already provides banking alternatives in the form of T-securities and other services.

Per the Bing AI:

The Federal Reserve Banks provide financial services to depository institutions including banks and credit unions, much like those that banks provide for their customers.

These services include collecting checks, electronically transferring funds, and distributing and receiving cash and coins.

They also act as fiscal agents to the federal government by maintaining the Treasury Department’s transaction account, paying Treasury checks, processing electronic payments, and issuing, transferring, and redeeming U.S. government securities.

Consider “a public bank.”

A public bank is a financial institution owned and operated by the state, city, or county government.

A public bank offers many of the same financial services as traditional banks, such as checking accounts, loans, and mortgages.

However, its main purpose is to serve the public interest in its area. As a result, a public bank puts a huge focus on improving its local community, using most of its resources to:

  • Provide low-interest loans to businesses and low-income households
  • Fund affordable housing and climate-protection projects
  • Create new jobs and stimulate economic growth in their regions
A public bank also works as a type of “mini-Fed” to regional banks, providing them with loans and other banking solutions. They also provide banking services to government departments.

The U.S. currently has one public bank: The Bank of North Dakota. It was founded in 1919 to promote agriculture and commerce in the state. Today, it provides loans, college funding, and banking services to North Dakota residents and institutions.

A public bank is a step in the right direction. Its focus is not on profits but on providing banking services to the community.

Still, a public bank needs to have income to survive. If circumstances cause its loans suddenly to go bad — a war, a natural disaster, a new legal requirement — the bank could fail, and depositors would be punished.

A federally owned bank could provide every banking service and not worry about income. Our Monetarily Sovereign federal government neither needs nor uses income. It has infinite financial resources, the infinite ability to create dollars.

That is why the federal government is the bank insurer of last resort. When all private resources fail, the federal government has the ability (and the obligation) to step in and save the day.

If the federally owned bank could do everything a private bank can do, while removing all risk to the public, why do we still have privately owned banks?

They require constant surveillance and supervision by the federal government. They repeatedly get in trouble and must be rescued by the federal government. They repeatedly cheat customers. They repeatedly cause financial crises that the government must fix.

The private banks were the ones that redlined neighborhoods, depriving blacks of mortgages, then went the other way and overvalued houses and borrowers’ ability to pay, causing a massive failure of the banking system.

The private banks were the ones that invented high-risk products that traded at inflated values and had to be bailed out by the federal government.

Ironically, the federal government would have the resources to lend to borrowers other banks might refuse — people with a poor credit rating, poor people, people in sick neighborhoods — because even bad loans would pump growth dollars into the economy and not risk the government-owned banks solvency.

In short, private banking contributes nothing to the economy but risk. The federal government could do everything a private bank does, while eliminating the risk.

The U.S. dollar was invented by the federal government, yet for no good reason, the creation of new dollars has been turned over to private banks (via lending). It makes no sense.

The profit motive is irresistible. When surrounded by opportunities to make vast amounts of money by cheating the public, many bankers will succomb. No amount of regulation or supervision will prevent it.

Dollar creation should be in the hands of the federal government, the original dollar creator.

All banks should be federal banks.

Rodger Malcolm Mitchell
Monetary Sovereignty

Twitter: @rodgermitchell Search #monetarysovereignty
Facebook: Rodger Malcolm Mitchell

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The Sole Purpose of Government Is to Improve and Protect the Lives of the People.

MONETARY SOVEREIGNTY

How I taught the Bing AI a bit of MS by asking a simple question about Medicare and Social Security. It left out the best answer.

Seemingly, it is possible for you to teach at least one of the new AI systems something, and perhaps they will repeat your teachings to other people who question them.

This has interesting implications — positive and negative — which I may discuss in the future.

Meanwhile, read this post and imagine those positive and negative implications. Here is how I taught the Bing Artificial Intelligence (AI, aka OpenAI) a bit of Monetary Sovereignty.

The question I posed to the Bing AI was: “What are the solutions to Medicare and Social Security insolvency?”

In a way, it was a trick question because being federal agencies, they only can be insolvent if that is what Congress and the President want.

They are not currently insolvent because they can and do pay their bills. It’s only if the federal government does nothing that they are projected not to be able to pay their bills in the future.

The truth is that every federal agency, including the SCOTUS, White House, Congress, and military would be insolvent without future federal support.

Even the federal government itself, which owes trillions of dollars, would be insolvent but for one small detail: It has the infinite ability to create dollars.

Here is the answer the Bing AI gave me:

There are different solutions proposed by experts and policymakers to address the insolvency of Medicare and Social Security. Some of them are:

  1. Changing the eligibility age for Social Security benefits
  2. Raising taxes or payroll contributions for Social Security and Medicare.
  3. Implementing competitive bidding and accountability for Medicare Advantage programs.
  4. Reducing health care costs and improving efficiency in Medicare.
  5. Adjusting benefits or cost-sharing for Social Security and Medicare recipients.</span

I then asked: “Why would the federal government not support Social Security and Medicare the same way as it pays for all other federal agencies?”

It responded:

Medicare and Social Security are federal programs for Americans who are no longer working. Social Security provides federal income benefits in retirement based on what you’ve earned over a lifetime of working.

I then asked, “You gave me 5 solutions for Medicare insolvency.

Would a sixth solution be: Federal financial support, the same way the federal government pays for SCOTUS, the House of Representatives, the Senate, the White House, and the military?”

I couldn’t find any information on the federal government paying for Medicare and Social Security the same way it pays for SCOTUS, the House of Representatives, the Senate, the White House, and the military.

However, there are other resources to help with costs such as Supplemental Security Income, Insure Kids Now, and Medicaid.

I asked, “Why doesn’t the federal government support Social Security and Medicare the same way as it pays for all other federal agencies?”

It responded:

I couldn’t find any information on why the federal government doesn’t support Social Security and Medicare the same way as it pays for all other federal agencies. 

However, according to Forbes, the debt nets to roughly $24.5 trillion, which omits another kind of debt—unfunded promises made under such entitlement programs as Social Security and Medicare.

I asked: “Are you aware the Monetary Sovereignty (MS) and Modern Monetary Theory (MMT) both recommend that the federal government support Medicare and Social Security the same way as it funds other federal agencies?”

It responded:

According to the Monetary Sovereignty website, the federal government can afford to fund Medicare for all, and spending is cost-free to a Monetarily Sovereign government. 

Modern Monetary Theory (MMT) is based on the idea that the federal government is different from a household in that it does not need to raise money before spending it, that it can accumulate debt without any constraints on its fiscal capabilities.

I asked, “Why doesn’t the federal government follow the Monetary Sovereignty and Modern Monetary Theory suggestion and fund Medicare and Social Security the same way as it funds other federal agencies?”

I couldn’t find any information on why the federal government doesn’t fund Medicare and Social Security the same way as it funds other federal agencies. 

I asked, “Why didn’t you include the federal government’s ability to fund Medicare and Social Security as one of the possible solutions to Medicare and Social Security insolvency?”

I apologize for not including the federal government’s ability to fund Medicare and Social Security as one of the possible solutions to Medicare and Social Security insolvency.

According to AARP, the two trust funds that pay out Social Security benefits have never been part of the federal government’s general fund.

Social Security is a separate, self-funded program. The federal government does, however, borrow from Social Security.

I asked, “In the future, will you include the government’s ability to fund Social Security and Medicare as one of the solutions to Social Security and Medicare insolvency?”

Yes, I will make sure to include that in the future. Thank you for bringing it to my attention.

I asked, “Would you like to learn of another possible solution? The Treasury has the right to create a platinum coin of any denomination.

So, the Treasury could create a $50 trillion coin and deposit it in the General Fund. That would eliminate the current debt and some future debt, so the government could fund Social Security and Medicare without worrying about debt.

Are you aware of that solution?

Yes, I am aware of that solution. According to ABC News, legislation enacted in 2001 allows the treasury to mint platinum coins of any value without congressional approval.

Under that law, the coin’s value could be anything, but it would have to be platinum, not gold or silver, nickel, bronze, or copper, which are under Congress’ control.

I asked, “Would the platinum coin solution to funding Medicare and Social Security be one of the solutions you would provide for the question, “What are the solutions to Medicare and Social Security insolvency?”

Yes, I will make sure to include that in the future. Thank you for bringing it to my attention.

You can test the Bing AI’s honesty by asking it for solutions to Medicare and Social Security’s potential future insolvency. See if it suggests either federal funding or the platinum coin solution.

You also can see whether you can teach the AI anything, good or bad. It’s the future of internet search, and you can participate.

Rodger Malcolm Mitchell
Monetary Sovereignty

Twitter: @rodgermitchell Search #monetarysovereignty
Facebook: Rodger Malcolm Mitchell

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The Sole Purpose of Government Is to Improve and Protect the Lives of the People.

MONETARY SOVEREIGNTY

When myths become reality, science is forgotten

Two of the most important economic realities are Monetary Sovereignty and Gap Psychology. Together these realities rule the U.S. government’s control of America’s economy — or they should rule if voters understood them.

1. Monetary Sovereignty tells you that the federal government has infinite power over its own sovereign currency. It makes all the laws that control dollar creation and dollar value.

At its whim, the government can create, destroy, and revalue dollars, so it needs neither taxing, borrowing, nor income of any kind to spend whatever it wishes and to set inflation at whatever level it deems.

It makes all the decisions concerning dollars.

2. Gap Psychology tells you that most people wish to distance themselves from those whose income/wealth/power is low and to come nearer to those whose income/wealth/power is excellent.

Because “rich” is a relative term, becoming richer requires that a person find ways to widen the income/wealth/power Gap below and to narrow the Gap above.

This is accomplished by gaining more for oneself and/or by forcing others to have less. Thus, impoverishing those below or above makes one richer, while enriching those below and/or above makes one poorer.

The rich in America, and in most countries, control the flow of information and America’s laws by financing the media (via advertising dollars and ownership), the economists (via university contributions and promises of employment), and politicians (via campaign contributions and promises of future employment.)

The voting public is subject to misinformation and disinformation regarding Monetary Sovereignty and the realities of Gap Psychology.

The public is told that Monetary Sovereignty is the same as monetary non-sovereignty, which would mean that the federal government would not control the currency it created from thin air.

The result of this disinformation campaign: Voting against one’s better interests has become the norm.

People falsely have been told that federal spending to narrow Gaps is unaffordable, unsustainable, and causes inflation. As an easily avoidable result, poverty, hunger, homelessness, lack of education, and Gap widening continue.

Here are examples of newspaper articles promulgating the myths that bind us to failure:

March 8, 2023
Biden plans new taxes on the rich to help save Medicare
Justin Sink and Josh Wingrove, Bloomberg News

Federal taxes do not fund federal spending. Money creation does. Therefore, new taxes on the rich will not “save Medicare.”

The government already has the infinite power to fund a comprehensive, no-deductible Medicare for every man, woman, and child in America. No federal taxes are needed or used.

By positioning the plan as requiring increased taxes on the rich, Biden dooms it to pushback from the most powerful influencers in America.

WASHINGTON — President Joe Biden’s budget will propose hiking payroll taxes on Americans making over $400,000 per year and allowing the government new power to negotiate drug prices as part of an effort the White House says will extend the solvency of a key Medicare program for another quarter century.

Both “hiking payroll taxes” and “negotiating drug prices” would unnecessarily take dollars from the private sector (aka “the economy.”) Biden’s proposal, though perhaps well-meaning, is recessionary. It also is unlikely to pass Congress.

Because the U.S. government is infinitely solvent, every agency of the government is as solvent as Congress and the President want them to be.

Medicare, a government agency, is as solvent as Congress and the President want it, just as other agencies — the military, SCOTUS, Congress, and the White House — are as solvent as our leaders wish them to be.

Alan Greenspan: “A government cannot become insolvent with respect to obligations in its own currency.”

“The budget I am releasing this week will make the Medicare trust fund solvent beyond 2050 without cutting a penny in benefits,” Biden said Tuesday in an op-ed published in the New York Times shortly before the announcement. “

In fact, we can get better value, making sure Americans receive better care for the money they pay into Medicare.”

Every dollar paid into the Medicare “trust fund” is destroyed upon receipt.

All those dollars come from the M2 money supply measure and when they reach the Treasury, they instantly disappear from any money supply measure. Thus, they functionally are destroyed.

The Medicare “trust fund” is not a real trust fund. A “trust fund” implies a secure source of funding. However, a federal trust fund is simply an accounting mechanism used ent does not set aside the receipts or invest them in private ato track inflows and outflows.

ssets.In private-sector trust funds, receipts are deposited and assets are held and invested by trustees on behalf of the stated beneficiaries. In federal trust funds, the federal governm

Rather, the receipts merely are recorded as accounting credits in the “trust funds,” and then combined with other receipts that the Treasury collects and spends.

Further, the federal government owns the accounts and can, by changing the law, unilaterally alter the purposes of the accounts and raise or lower collections and expenditures.

At the touch of a computer key, the U.S. federal government could double or triple the number of dollars in the Medicare “trust fund,” without collecting a penny in taxes.

The crocodile tears for the impending “insolvency” of the trust fund are mere stage performance for the uninformed voters.

At this point, it’s appropriate to mention that despite disinformation to the contrary, federal deficit spending is not “socialism.” Socialism is government ownership of production and distribution, not mere spending.

The word “socialism” is used as an epithet to convince the naive public not to ask for federal benefits.

The president’s budget, which will be released Thursday, proposes raising Medicare taxes from 3.8% to 5% on annual income above $400,000, and eliminating a loophole business owners and higher-earners can exploit to avoid additional taxes, according to a White House fact sheet.

The sole benefit, and it is a theoretical benefit if the dollars actually are collected, would be to narrow the Gap between the rich and the rest, while impoverishing the economy.

But the rich will find loopholes to exploit, so the whole proposal is a combination of misinformation and naivety.

Biden’s plan would also help bolster Medicare reserves through some $200 billion in prescription drug reforms over the next decade by allowing the insurance program to negotiate costs on more medications and sooner after they come to market.

To the extent the federal government successfully cuts prescription costs, fewer dollars will flow from the Monetarily Sovereign U.S. government to the monetarily non-sovereign private sector, a recessionary effect.

The moves are part of a concerted effort by the White House ahead of looming negotiations over the debt ceiling and government funding, where Republicans vow to seek deep cuts to federal spending.

The debt ceiling is an anachronism based on ignorance. It does nothing to eliminate future spending, but risks punishing legitimate creditors to the federal government, a potentially earth-shattering event.

Though the Republicans claim to want “deep cuts in federal spending,” they have madeo proposals about where to make those cuts.

Though the Republicans claim to want spending cuts, they have been unable to point to significant areas that should be cut. “Untouchable” defense, education, health care, welfare, pensions and interest account for 93% of the budget.

The Republicans never wish to cut Defense because defence contractors are big, powerful providers of campaign cash.

Republicans would love to cut Education, Health Care, Welfare, or Pensions, but that might cost them votes, and they already have enough election problems with their stance on abortion.

Interest is untouchable because of their legal commitment and false narrative that the high rates fight inflation.

By subscribing to myths, the Republicans have backed themselves into a corner.

The only sensible and honest step would be to:

  1. Eliminate the debt ceiling.
  2. Acknowledge the fact that a Monetarily Sovereign government neither needs nor uses tax dollars or borrowing, because it pays all its dollar obligations by creating new dollars, ad hoc.
  3. Acknowledge the fact that inflations are caused not by federal spending but rather by scarcities of key goods and services (energy, food, construction materials, electronic parts, labor, etc.) and that these scarcities can be cured by federal deficit spending to obtain and distribute the scarce items.

Unfortunately, the government has devoted so much time and money to promulgating myths, it now is unable or unwilling to promulgate the facts.

House Speaker Kevin McCarthy has vowed the GOP won’t touch Medicare or Social Security, programs that share bipartisan support, particularly among elderly voters.

But Democrats, including Biden, have repeatedly highlighted past GOP efforts to overhaul the entitlement programs by reducing eligibility or benefits.

Ahead of the budget release, White House officials have challenged McCarthy to specify where he would pursue cuts.

It is likely that the Republicans will settle for either or all of three demands:

  1. Demand cuts to Healthcare by cutting Obamare and increasing deductibles and age-requirements for Medicare and/or
  2. Demand cuts to poverty aids and/or
  3. Demand cuts to Social Security via increases in age requirements.

All of those would increase the Gap between the rich, to whom the Republicans are beholden, and the rest of America, but would cause a backlash from voters.

Democrats are hoping Biden’s budget, which would reduce the deficit by $2 trillion over the next 10 years, will provide a political advantage by keeping benefits intact, with higher taxes on the wealthy helping to offset rising costs.

Because federal taxes are destroyed upon receipt, they would offset nothing. But, in the unlikely event taxes are properly administrated, they would help narrow the Gap between the rich and the rest.

That is why the Republicans will not allow them, but rather might risk opting for the 1-3 (above) penalties against the “not-rich.”

Medicare’s Hospital Insurance Trust Fund, also known as Part A, pays for hospital stays, nursing facilities, and hospices.

It is currently projected to reach insolvency as soon as 2028, according to the most recent Medicare Trustees report.

“This modest increase in Medicare contributions from those with the highest incomes will help keep the Medicare program strong for decades to come.

My budget will make sure the money goes directly into the Medicare trust fund, protecting taxpayers’ investment and the future of the program,” Biden said in his op-ed.

Neither the federal government nor any federal agency can be insolvent unless that is what Congress and the President want. Tax dollars do not go anywhere. They are destroyed. The “trust fund” is replenished at the whim of Congress, by passing laws.

Notice there is no pretense that Medicare Part B (or the military) is funded by special taxes, but rather is clearly funded by federal spending. All of Medicare could be funded that way, but for the interference of a fake “trust fund.”

Proposed changes to Medicare’s ability to negotiate prescription drugs would also benefit seniors on Medicare by lowering their out-of-pocket costs, the White House says.

Biden’s budget will specifically propose capping the cost of certain generic drugs, like those used to treat hypertension and high cholesterol, to $2 per prescription per month.

The budget also eliminates the fee patients have to pay on up to three mental or behavioral health visits per year.

The negotiation of prescription drug prices accomplishes nothing for the government and impoverishes drug manufacturers and the private sector. The federal government has the infinite ability to pay for drugs, whatever their prices.

Sending fewer dollars to the health care industry will cut economic growth.

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Biden to offer deficit reduction plan
Tax proposals are aimed at trimming $3T over 10 years
By Jim Tankersley The New York Times

WASHINGTON — President Joe Biden on Thursday will propose policies aimed at trimming federal budget deficits by $3 trillion over the next 10 years as his administration embraces the politics of debt reduction amid a fight with Republicans over raising the nation’s borrowing

Trimming $3 trillion from the federal budget is identical to taking $3 trillion from the private sector, which unnecessarily will reduce Gross Domestic Product growth and usually causes a recession.

Reduced deficit growth (red line) leads to recessions. Note the downward trajectory of the red line at vertical gray bars. Increased deficit growth cures recessions. Note the upward trajectory during recessions, which cures them.

As always, ignorance about Monetary Sovereignty will lead to economic hardship. That is the usual effect of ignorance.

House Republicans have refused to raise the nation’s debt limit, which caps how much money the federal government can borrow, unless Biden agrees to steep cuts in federal spending.

To help increase federal revenues and reduce the nation’s reliance on borrowed money, Biden is expected to announce a new tax on American households worth more than $100 million that would apply to both their earned income and the unrealized gains in the value of their liquid assets, like stocks.

What Is an Oasis in the Desert?
Taking dollars from the private sector and sending them to the US Treasury, is like pumping water from an oasis and pouring it into the sea.

The voting public does not understand that it makes no sense to take dollars from the economy, which relies on dollars for growth, and give those dollars to the federal government, which has the infinite ability to create dollars.

Taking federal taxes from the private sector is like pumping water from an oasis and pouring it into the sea.

The federal government has run deficits every year since 2000, spending more money than it receives in tax revenue.

Translation: The economy has received more dollars from the government than it has sent to the government. This is necessary for economic growth.

The deficit ballooned under President Donald Trump after the onset of the pandemic recession, which spurred Congress to approve trillions of dollars in relief for individuals, businesses and state and local governments.

It remained elevated in 2021 under Biden, who signed a $1.9 trillion economic aid package he signed soon after taking office, but declined last year.

The deficit spending under Trump and Biden prevented recessions that otherwise would have been caused by COVID shortages.

Federal deficit spending grows the economy. The lack of federal deficit spending causes recessions. This lesson has not been acknowledged by Congress and the President, or by the voting public.

The nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office projects the deficit will grow slightly this fiscal year, to $1.41 trillion from $1.375 trillion, then continue to rise for the course of the decade, topping $2 trillion in 2032.

Translation: The federal government is projected to pump 1.41 trillion to three trillion growth dollars into the economy.

From 2024 to 2033, the budget office projects, deficits will total more than $20 trillion, driving gross federal debt to nearly $52 trillion.

Translation: The budget office projects the Monetarily Sovereign US government will have pumped a net total of fifty-two trillion growth dollars into the economy, at no cost to taxpayers (Taxes don’t fund spending.).

Through laws he has signed and executive actions he has issued, Biden has approved policies that would add about $5 trillion to the national debt over a decade, according to estimates by the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget in Washington.

Translation: The CRFB projects $5 trillion will be added to Treasury Security deposits in the next ten years.

Summary

Monetary Sovereignty and Gap Psychology are two of the most important realities of the U.S. economy. Because the public has not been given the facts about these realities, voters have voted against their own best interests.

The current budget stalemate between the Republicans and Democrats is a manifestation of the misinformation/disinformation campaigns so detrimental to the U.S. economy and especially to Americans who are not rich.

Ignorance is expensive.

Rodger Malcolm Mitchell
Monetary Sovereignty

Twitter: @rodgermitchell Search #monetarysovereignty
Facebook: Rodger Malcolm Mitchell

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The Sole Purpose of Government Is to Improve and Protect the Lives of the People.

MONETARY SOVEREIGNTY

Dollars exist, but in what form; who created them, and how?

Dollars exist, but in what form; who created them, and how?

The uninformed may respond that dollars are pieces of green paper printed by the U.S. Treasury.

That answer would be incorrect on every level.

Those green pieces of paper are not dollars. Rather they are bearer titles to dollars. They are official recognition that the bearer owns a dollar.

Why is the US currency called dollar? what is its origin and meaning? - AS USA
These are not dollars. They are bearer titles to dollars

A house title is not a house. It is official recognition that the named person owns a particular house.

A car title is not a car, It is official recognition that the named person holds a certain car.

Dollars exist only as bookkeeping notations. They have no physical form.

You cannot see, feel, hear, touch, smell, or taste dollars.

The Treasury does not literally print dollars. It just prints titles to dollars, which exist as numbers in bank accounts.

All dollars are created from thin air by marking up accounts. Banks do it every minute of every day.

Consider the following scenario:

1. You go to a store, make a $10 purchase, and pay with your credit card.

Because you have a contract with the credit card company, you essentially have signed a loan document (the credit card receipt) saying you owe the credit card company $10.

That loan document, and all dollar-denominated loan documents, are titles to dollars.

Mark Wagner | IOU | Artsy
A dollar bill is a bearer check signed by the Secretary of the Treasury.

So, your use of a credit card makes dollars.

(The green dollar bill in your wallet is a loan document. It signifies debt. It is a federal reserve note. “Bill” and “note” are words denoting debts.)

2. The credit card company sends instructions (not dollars) to the store’s bank, telling it to increase the balance in its checking account.

When the bank obeys those instructions, new dollars are created. These instructions are in the form of a check or wire transfer.

Simultaneously, the balance in the credit card company’s checking account is reduced, which destroys dollars.

At this stage, your purchase has caused the creation of ten dollars, a few cents of which go to various governments’ banks for sales taxes.

This bearer check is identical to a dollar bill, with one exception. The full faith and credit of the U.S. government backs a dollar bill. The full faith and credit of the writer backs the check. 

3. Instructions among the several banks pass through the Federal Reserve, while the credit card company sends you a ten-dollar invoice.

To pay the invoice, you instruct your bank to send instructions to the credit card company’s bank, telling it to increase the balance in the credit card company’s checking account.

Those instructions are cleared through the Federal Reserve, and when your bank receives them, it reduces the balance in your checking account and destroys dollars.

Your one-time use of your credit card creates and destroys dollars.

At no time are physical dollars exchanged for there are no physical dollars.

All dollars are nothing more than numbers on financial institutions’ books.

Not being physical, dollars cannot be “sent.” Instead, instructions in the form of checks or wires are sent to banks.

The banks are instructed to create and destroy dollars by changing the numbers in bank accounts.

What if that $10 purchase were made in cash rather than by credit card? Cash, i.e., dollar bills, are bearer titles to dollars. “Bearer” title means whoever has the title in their possession owns the dollars, which are numbers on the Treasury’s books.

All money represents a debt of the issuer, which among other things, owes the user full faith and credit.

You accept dollar bills in exchange for goods and services because you trust the full faith and credit of the federal government.

In, “Understanding Federal Debt. Full Faith and Credit,” you will see this explanation:

All debt requires collateral. The collateral for federal debt is “full faith and credit.”

This may sound nebulous to some, but it involves certain, specific, and valuable guarantees, among which are:

A. –The government will accept only U.S. currency to pay debts to the government.

B. –It unfailingly will pay all its dollar debts with U.S. dollars and will not default.

C. –It will force all your domestic creditors to accept U.S. dollars to satisfy your debt if you offer them.

D. –It will not require domestic creditors to accept any other money.

E. –It will take action to protect the value of the dollar.

F. –It will maintain a market for U.S. currency.

G. –It will continue to use U.S. currency and will not change to another currency.

H. –All forms of U.S. currency will be reciprocal; that is, five $1 bills always will equal one $5 bill and vice versa.

There is no law prohibiting the issuance of other forms of currency. For example, I have every right to issue “Mitchellbucks” to pay my debt to you.

I never can run short of Mitchellbucks. I can create infinite numbers merely by writing a check specifying Mitchellbucks.

However, you have no obligation to accept them. Presumably, you only would accept Mitchellbucks if you were satisfied with the full faith and credit that backs them.

By contrast, Americans must accept U.S. dollars in payment of debts. It’s the law, which is determined by the federal government.

Various forms of currency exist in America.

Trillions of coupons are distributed by manufacturers and retailers, and are used and accepted by consumers and businesses for certain, limited purposes.

A story: I worked with the man who owned PAM, a cooking spray.

His name was Arthur Meyerhoff (Little-known fact; PAM stands for Product of Arthur Meyerhoff.)

Early in the life of the product, he ran a $1 coupon in the Readers Digest Magazine, which then had a massive circulation. Unfortunately, more coupons were presented for redemption than cans of PAM sold.

Meyerhoff was on the hook for millions.

Had he not paid up, his full faith and credit would have been worthless. But he paid. Stores and consumers continued to trust his company and his full faith and credit.

Poker chips are titles, backed by the full faith and credit of casinos. Lottery tickets are backed by the full faith and credit of the various states.

Your personal check is backed by your full faith and credit, augmented by laws against bouncing checks.

A money issuers’ ability to create currency is unlimited but the acceptance of that currency relies on the issuer’s full faith and credit.

Because the federal government is Monetarily Sovereign, i.e sovereign over the U.S. dollar, it’s ability to issue dollars is limited only by their acceptance, which in turn, is limited by federal full faith and credit.

In reality, the federal government’s ability to create dollars is unlimited.

Thus, those who are concerned about the size of the federal government’s debt, (i.e. the number of dollars in existence), must explain the limit to the U.S. federal government’s full faith and credit.

If anything, the full faith and credit of the ,U.S. government is more powerful worldwide than ever. 

Despite (perhaps because of) massive increases in deposits into T-security accounts there is no hint of the federal government’s inability to create dollars and have them accepted.

SUMMARY

Dollars have no physical existence. They are numbers in bank accounts.

The federal government is Monetarily Sovereign. As the issuer of dollars, it is sovereign over U.S. dollars in whatever banks they exist.

The government creates dollars by changing numbers in bank accounts. There is no limit to the number of dollars the government can create, because it also the creates the laws that govern dollar creation.

Thus the federal government cannot unintentionally run short of dollars.

Federal taxes do not fund federal spending. Even if the Monetarily Sovereign federal government collected $0 taxes, it could continue spending forever. (By contrast, state/local taxes do fund monetarily non-sovereign state/local government spending.)

Similarly, the federal government never borrows dollars. Why would it, given its unlimited ability to create dollars. What erroneously is termed “borrowing,” is the acceptance of deposits into T-security accounts. The purpose is to provide a safe storage place for unused dollars and to help the Federal Reserve control interest rates.

These accounts do not provide the federal government with spending dollars. The government creates new dollars every time it pays a creditor.

Being dollar users, not issuers, state/local governments can and often do run short of dollars.

You create dollars every time you make a credit card purchase or write a check. You destroy dollars every time you pay off a debt.

Because you are monetarily non-sovereign, your dollar creation is limited by your full faith and credit.    

 

Rodger Malcolm Mitchell
Monetary Sovereignty

Twitter: @rodgermitchell Search #monetarysovereignty
Facebook: Rodger Malcolm Mitchell

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The Sole Purpose of Government Is to Improve and Protect the Lives of the People.

MONETARY SOVEREIGNTY